Article Two of the United States Constitution - Wikipedia

 

executive article definition

Article II of the Constitution establishes the Executive branch of the federal government. It defines the office of President and Vice President, and an Electoral College to elect them. Article II also sets the requirements needed to be President, establishes the President’s powers, and provides. Define executive. executive synonyms, executive pronunciation, executive translation, English dictionary definition of executive. n. 1. A person or group having administrative or managerial authority in an organization. 2. The chief officer of a government, state, or political. Executive, In politics, a person or persons constituting the branch of government charged with executing or carrying out the laws and appointing officials, formulating and instituting foreign policy, and providing diplomatic representation. In the U.S., a system of checks and balances keeps the.


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Article II of the Constitution establishes the Executive branch of the federal government. The following was prepared by the Office of the Secretary of the Senate with the assistance of the Library of Congress, providing the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explanation of its meaning and how that meaning has changed over executive article definition. Source: U.

Senate, Library Of Congress. Toggle navigation. It says nothing about reelection. George Washington established a two-term tradition, which was not broken until Franklin D. Roosevelt won a third and fourth term. The 22nd amendment now limits presidents to two terms.

The Constitution established an electoral college as a compromise between direct popular election of the president and election by Executive article definition. The method of selecting electors was left to the states.

Electors are now chosen by popular vote. The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons executive article definition for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.

The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President.

But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representatives from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice-President.

This clause was superseded by the 12th amendment, after the election of in which Thomas Jefferson and his running mate, Aaron Burr, received identical votes and both claimed the office. After many votes, the House of Representatives chose Jefferson, and soon thereafter the amendment was speedily approved. The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

Congress has enacted legislation requiring that presidential elections the selection of electors occur on the Tuesday executive article definition the first Monday in November every four executive article definition. Electors gather to vote on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December.

The two houses of Congress executive article definition to count the electoral ballots on the following January 6, executive article definition. This clause requires that in order to take the oath of office a president must be 35, a resident within the United States for 14 years, and a executive article definition citizen.

This last requirement raises the question of whether someone born to American parents outside of the United States would be eligible to hold the office. The 25th amendment superseded this clause regarding presidential disability, vacancy of the office, and methods of succession. To preserve the president's independence, Congress can neither raise nor lower the president's salary during his term. Nor can a president accept any other pay. By contrast, Congress by statute created the oath taken by other federal officials, including the vice president.

As Commander in Chief, the president controls the military forces. Presidents have also cited this power as extending to their control of national and foreign policy in war and peacetime. Congress may not restrain the president's power to pardon, executive article definition, except in impeachment cases. The Constitution gives the Senate a share in foreign policy by requiring Senate consent, by a two-thirds vote, to any treaty before it may go into effect.

The president must also submit judicial and major executive branch nominations to the Senate for its advice and consent. The Constitution makes no provision for the removal of executive officers, which has remained largely at the discretion of the president.

When executive article definition Senate is not in session, and therefore unable to receive nominations, the president may make recess appointments. The Senate will then consider the nomination when it returns to session, executive article definition. The duty to deliver to Congress an annual address, known as the State of the Union message, is the basis of the president's legislative leadership. The law enforcement function has been a source of the president's control over the executive branch, however the laws that the president is to execute are the laws that Congress passes, and those laws constrain as well as empower the chief executive.

Impeachment is the ultimate power of Congress to deter and to punish abuse of power by officers of the executive and judicial branches, executive article definition. Federal judges constitute the greater number of impeached and convicted officers, executive article definition. President Executive article definition Johnson won acquittal by a single vote, and President Richard Nixon resigned before he could be impeached, executive article definition.

President Bill Clinton was impeached by the Executive article definition and acquitted by the Senate. Sign up for our email newsletter. Sign Up. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:.

This clause provided the title of the chief executive and defined the term of office. Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, executive article definition, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under executive article definition United States, executive article definition, shall be appointed an Elector.

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States, executive article definition. In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Executive article definition may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, executive article definition, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated Times, executive article definition, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them. The Constitution prescribes the oath that presidents must take.

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, executive article definition, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information on the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case executive article definition Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

 

Executive Function & Self-Regulation

 

executive article definition

 

Define executive. executive synonyms, executive pronunciation, executive translation, English dictionary definition of executive. n. 1. A person or group having administrative or managerial authority in an organization. 2. The chief officer of a government, state, or political. Role, title, or function. Executive (government), branch of government that has authority and responsibility for the administration of state bureaucracy Executive, a senior management role in an organization. Chief executive officer (CEO), one of the highest-ranking corporate officers (executives) or administrators; Executive director, the senior manager of an organization, company, or. Executive function and self-regulation skills are the mental processes that enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and juggle multiple tasks successfully. Just as an air traffic control system at a busy airport safely manages the arrivals and departures of many aircraft on.